Writing Custom Extensions

Writing your own extensions is pretty easy and robust. This is where this library really shines. You basically only have to write a class and annotate it with JAXB annotations.

Let’s consider the following example, where you want to send a message with some structured data about a product.

First you have to write the Product class with JAXB annotations:

@XmlRootElement(name = "product", namespace = "http://xmpp.rocks")
public class Product {

    private String id;

    private String price;

    private String name;

    private String description;

    private Product() {
       // Private no-args default constructor for JAXB.

    public Product(String id, String price, String name, String description) {
        this.id = id;
        this.price = price;
        this.name = name;
        this.description = description;

    public String getId() {
        return id;

    public String getPrice() {
        return price;

    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public String getDescription() {
        return description;

Note: Experience has shown that it’s often easier and more intuitive to declare the namespace once for the whole package. Otherwise it can happen that JAXB assumes another namespace for certain elements (e.g. subclasses, lists, more complex types) and fails to (un)marshal as expected (unless you redeclare the namespace on the elements).

Create a package-info.java and put JAXB annotations in it, like this:

@XmlSchema(namespace = "http://xmpp.rocks", elementFormDefault = XmlNsForm.QUALIFIED)
package yourpackage;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAccessorType;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlNsForm;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlSchema;

Then you have to create a configuration for the session with your extension:

XmppSessionConfiguration configuration = XmppSessionConfiguration.builder()

This will create the JAXBContext with your class (in addition to all other XMPP classes).

Then create the session with that configuration:

XmppClient xmppClient = XmppClient.create("domain", configuration);

You can then simply send a message with that extension:

Message message = new Message(Jid.of("romeo@example.net"));
message.addExtension(new Product("1", "5.99 €", "New product", "A very cool product!!"));

Which will result in the following stanza on the XMPP stream:

<message to="romeo@example.net">
    <product xmlns="http://xmpp.rocks" id="1" price="5.99 €">
        <name>New product</name>
        <description>A very cool product!!</description>